Talking about death, we usually use elegant euphemisms; we avoid the question “Where do babies come from?”, and about drugs we usually say something bad or nothing. As a rule, only the experience fills the gaps in the knowledge of this kind. However, these topics can in fact be the subject of serious scientific interest.
We have prepared a review of some ”adult” educational programs and courses.
Sex has existed since the dawn of time but it has not been considered as a the field of research until nowadays. Of course, attempts to study sex were made but the pioneers had to deal with stigma and taboos. Even medical research in the field of obstetrics and sexually transmitted diseases often face disapproval. So, in 1851, the gynecologist James Platt White was expelled from the American Medical Association that allowed medical students to observe the birth process, and this happened despite the fact that a woman in a laboratory gave an agreement.
The male doctors tried not to look at the female genitals and even catheterize blindly. Only in the 20th century, the world scientific community preceded a study about sexual practices, sexual psychology, and human sexuality. This contributed to the emergence of feminist movements. In 70 years, the West has formed a gender approach in sociology: normative “masculine”, “feminine”, and sexual practices were determined not by biological but social factors. They began to develop “female” and “male” studies as well as studies of sexual orientation.
Of course, you can go to medical university and become a sexologist, an obstetrician or, for example, urologist. However, if you are interested in theory and academic work, it is better to choose a suitable course, go to the respected professor and do the research on your own.
The most difficult thing is to choose from a variety of options. You can go to the UK, Germany, Spain, Ireland and even Australia.
Bachelor programs: (Sexuality Studies), College of Arts & Sciences at the American University.
Interdisciplinary program includes courses on sexuality and male feminist research, as well as “Domestic Violence”, “Jewish culture”, and “Works of Shakespeare.”
Master programs: (Gender, Sexuality, and Culture) at the University of Manchester. The one-year master’s program deals with sexuality and gender in the historical, political, social, and cultural context.
Ph.D.: (Comparative Gender Studies) at the Central European University.
Course: (Introduction to Reproduction) at the Coursera.
The course is about the female reproductive system: from hormones to anatomy, from puberty to the birth.
The first drugs were discovered so many years ago. These were herbal substances: opium, cannabis, and cocaine. People used them uncontrollably. Nowadays, several dozens of new kinds were added to the list mainly thanks to the invention of synthetic drugs. In the modern world, learning about drugs and their effect on the human body is limited by the law and moral precepts. Nevertheless, scientific interest does not tolerate the failure.
Existing approaches to the study of drugs and their effect can be divided into negative and positive. The negative approach involves the study of dangerous impacts and consequences of the drug abuse, and the like. Positive studies regard recreational and medical drugs, and the positive influence on the human body.
A remarkable example: David Nutt, a professor of neuropsychopharmacology, works on an objective assessment of the dangers and benefits of psychoactive substances. He was dismissed from the post the chairman of the Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs (ACMD), because he criticized the decision to toughen the punishment for Ecstasy.
There are several universities that offer educational programs and courses on this subject. First of all, you need to decide what you want to study. The drug science is very many-sided: you can get a diploma of an addiction counselor or a baker’s certificate in “Cooking with marijuana”. Of course, there are several suitable universities in the Netherlands. You can also go to the USA and the UK, or learn online (for example, to pass bachelor course “Dependence and recovery” in the Liberty University).
Bachelor programs: (Psychology in Addictions) at the Kaplan University. There is a deep study of the drug and alcohol addiction, and courses based on the treatment and prevention of addictions.
Master programs: (Comparative Drug and Alcohol Studies) at the Middlesex University.
Ph.D.: (Addiction Neuroscience) at the Indiana University. How alcohol and drugs interact with the human nervous system mechanisms.
Course: (Psychedelic-Assisted Therapies and Research) at the California Institute of Integral Studies.
The death became the object of research in the 19th-20th centuries. With the development of medicine, the thanatology began to develop as well – it is the study of the body in the final stage of the pathological process, as well as of the dynamics and mechanisms of dying. Along with the medical approach, the philosophical, sociological, and psychological approaches appeared. The complex science of death is called Death Studies, special attention was paid to the acceptance and understanding of death.
Educational programs of Death Studies are divided into several categories: thanatology courses, the study of death as a cultural and social phenomenon, and courses for the funeral business. Also, it is possible to add a homicide program and examination of corpses. For those who prefer online education, a good option is the master’s program in “Death, religion, and culture” at the University of Winchester.
Bachelor programs: (Funeral Service) at the University of Central Oklahoma. The program prepares students to work in memorial services. Here, you can learn how to communicate with the relatives.
Master programs: (Archaeology of Death and Memory) at the University of Chester. Here, you can study the history of the death and funeral from the Paleolithic era to the present day.
Ph.D.: (Death, Dying, and Bereavement) at the Open University.
Course: (Identifying the Dead) at the FutureLearn.
We hope that you learn something new for yourself. We wish you good luck!